ABOUT THE CZECH REPUBLIC
XLII ANTARCTIC TREATY CONSULTATIVE MEETING AND XXII MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the West, Austria to the South, Slovakia to the East and Poland to the North-East. The Czech Republic covers an area of 78 866 km², has 10.6 million inhabitants, and its capital and largest city is Prague with 1.3 million residents. It is a parliamentary republic, with the President as head of State and Prime Minister as head of Government. The Parliament is bicameral, with a Chamber of Deputies and a Senate. The Czech Republic is a member of international intergovernmental organizations such as the European Union (EU), NATO, the OECD, the United Nations, the OSCE, and the Council of Europe.
The Czech Republic boasts 12 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. All of them are in the cultural category. The country is also known for its various museums, spa towns, castles and chateaus, cathedrals and churches. The two leading sports in the Czech Republic are ice hockey and football (soccer).
The Czech Republic has a temperate continental climate, with warm summers and cold, cloudy and snowy winters. The temperature difference between summer and winter is relatively high, due to its geographical position.
The Czech landscape is exceedingly varied. Bohemia, to the West, consists of a basin drained by the Elbe (Labe) and Vltava rivers, surrounded by mostly low mountains, such as the Krkonoše. The highest point in the country, Sněžka (1603m), is located here.
Water from the Czech Republic flows to three different seas: the North Sea, Baltic Sea and Black Sea. There are four national parks. The oldest is Krkonoše National Park and the others are Šumava National Park, Podyjí National Park and Bohemian Switzerland.
The air temperature in Prague in July might be 23-35 °C during the day and night 10-25 °C.
CITY OF PRAGUE
Prague is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic. Situated in the North-West of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.3 million people.
Prague is the country’s top tourist destination, traditional seat of the kings of Bohemia and later of Czechoslovak and Czech presidents. The city was developed from a settlement around Prague Castle (founded in the second half of the 9th century), described in the journal of Abraham ben Jacob, a Jewish-Arab travelling merchant, as early as 965. It was originally divided into several autonomous “towns”, including the Old Town (known before 1280 as Caput Regni – Capital of the Kingdom), Lesser Quarter, New Town and Hradčany. A dominant feature of the Prague skyline is Saint Vitus Cathedral on the grounds of Prague Castle, the last resting place of Saint Wenceslas and other Bohemian rulers and the repository of Bohemian crown jewels (www.hrad.cz). One of the most popular sights is the Charles Bridge (its foundation stone was laid on 9 July, 1357 at 5:31 a.m., chosen as an auspicious moment by astrologers). The Old Town Hall with its much-admired astronomical clock is located on the Old Town Square, the original central marketplace. The main city square is the Wenceslas Square with its well-known landmark, the equestrian statue of Saint Wenceslas. Prague’s historical centre was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1992. Other sights include the Jan Žižka monument on Vítkov Hill (one of Europe’s largest equestrian statues); the Petřín Lookout Tower on the Petřín Hill (a steel structure resembling the Paris Eiffel Tower, accessible by a funicular); the Municipal House (a beautifully renovated Art Nouveau building where the independence of Czechoslovakia was declared in 1918, today serving as a multifunctional venue with a concert hall, gallery, café, restaurant and lounges www.obecnidum.cz); the Old Town’s Jewish cemetery and synagogue associated with the legend of Rabbi Loew and his Golem (www.jewishmuseum.cz); the National Museum (the country’s largest museum, located on Wenceslas Square – www.nm.cz); and the National Technical Museum (a very popular museum with some unique collections – www.ntm.cz). Prague is home to Charles University (a symbol of Czech learning, the third oldest university in Europe, founded in 1348 – www.cuni.cz) and to several other well-ranked schools offering university education.
Along with numerous theatres, the city is home to a plenty of galleries, cinemas and other historical exhibits.
Old Town Hall with Astronomical Clock
(Staroměstská radnice s orlojem)
The Old Town hall was established in 1338 as the seat of the Old Town administration. The oldest part of the complex consists of a beautiful Gothic tower with a bay chapel and a unique astronomical clock – known as the Orloj – where, every hour between 9:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m., the twelve apostles appear. The guided tour includes the historical halls, the tower and the underground areas.
Contacts: Staroměstské náměstí 1/3, http://www.staromestskaradnicepraha.cz
Prague Castle has been an important symbol of the Czech state for more than a thousand years. It was founded in the 9th century and became the seat of Czech rulers and later presidents. The castle, one of the largest complexes in the world, is made up of historical palaces, offices, churches and fortification buildings, gardens and picturesque spots. The panoramic view of Prague Castle is one of the most spectacular in the world.
Contacts: Praha 1 – Hradčany, http://www.hrad.cz
Definitely worth seeing: The Golden Lane, which is part of Prague Castle.
Prague’s oldest bridge was built to replace the Judith Bridge that had been badly damaged by floods in 1342. The building of the Stone or Prague Bridge, called the Charles Bridge since 1870, started in 1357 by Charles IV and was completed in 1402. The bridge is built of sandstone blocks, flanked at each end by fortified towers (Lesser Town Bridge Towers, Old Town Bridge Towers). From 1683 to 1928, 30 statues of saints were carved to decorate the bridge, the most famous of which is the statue of St. John of Nepomuk.
Contacts: Praha 1 – Staré město/Malá Strana
St. Vitus Cathedral
(Katedrála Sv. Víta)
St. Vitus Cathedral is the largest andthe most important religious building in Prague. Apart from religious services, coronations of Czech kings and queens also took place here. The cathedral is the burial place of several patron saints, sovereigns, noblemen and archbishops.
Contacts: Praha 1 – Hradčany, https://www.katedralasvatehovita.cz/en
Petřín lookout tower
Petřín Lookout Tower, one of the most prominent landmarks of Prague, was built as part of the Jubilee Exhibition in 1891 as a loose copy inspired by the Eiffel Tower (at a ratio of 1:5). It is 63.5 metres high, and 299 steps lead to its peak, which is at the same altitude as the real Eiffel Tower. The view from its top not only overlooks the whole city, but on a clear day you can see lard parts of Bohemia.
Contacts: Praha 1 – Malá Strana, http://en.muzeumprahy.cz/prague-towers/
According to ancient legends, Vyšehrad is oldest seat of the Czech princes; in fact, the local settlement was established in the mid-10th century. Situated on a rocky promontory above the Vltava River, it offers stunning views of the city, and the park area holds hidden architectural treasures including the rare Romanesque Rotunda of St Martin, the neo-Gothic Church of Sts Peter and Paul, the Slavín national cemetery, and the underground vaults housing some of the original Baroque statues from the Charles Bridge.
Contacts: V Pevnosti 159/5b, Praha 2, www.praha-vysehrad.cz
Infant Jesus of Prague
The Infant Jesus of Prague or Child Jesus of Prague (Czech: Pražské Jezulátko; Spanish: Niño Jesús de Praga) is a 16th-century Roman Catholic wax-coated wooden statue of child Jesus holding a globus cruciger, located in the Discalced Carmelite Church of Our Lady Victorious in Malá Strana. Religious legends claim that the statue once belonged to Saint Teresa of Ávila. In 1628 was donated to the Carmelite friars by Princess Polyxena of Lobkowicz.
Contacts: Karmelitská 9, Praha,
Gardens and museums
Gardens: Royal Garden, Terrace of the Riding School, Garden on the Bastion, The South Gardens, St. Wenceslas vineyard and Villa Richter, Empire Greenhouse
Museums: National museum, http://www.nm.cz/index.php?xSET=lang&xLANG=2
National technical museum, http://www.ntm.cz/en
What to do in Prague in the evening?
european cuisine, czech, central european cuisine
seafood, international cuisine, grilled meals
bar, European cuisine
European cuisine, central European cuisine, grill
European cuisine, central European cuisine, vegetarian
Italian cuisine, seafood
Belgian cuisine, bar, seafood
European, Spanish, vegetarian cuisine
European, czech, Eastern European cuisine
Quater Malá Strana
French, European cuisine, cafe
Italian, mediterranean cuisine, european cuisine
steakhouse pub, European cuisine, Wine bar
bar, European, czech cuisine
Asian, Thai cuisine, vegetarian
French, European, Czech cuisine
Old Town Square
steakhouse, European cuisine, grill
European, international, vegetarian cuisine
European, czech, central European cuisine
czech, central European cuisine, vegetarian
bar, European cuisine
bar, European, czech cuisine
Czech cuisine, has both influenced and been influenced by the cuisines of surrounding countries.
The most famous dishes are Goulash, Roast pork with dumplings and cabbage (colloquially „vepřo-knedlo-zelo“), Marinated sirloin („svíčková“), Baked mincemeat („sekaná“), Schnitzel („řízek“), Beef with tomato sauce („rajská omáčka“), Dill sauce („koprová omáčka“), Roast duck („pečená kachna“). Chicken in paprika sauce („kuře na paprice“) or hen in paprika sauce („slepice na paprice“).
More information on Czech cuisine https://www.czechtourism.com/g/czech-cuisine/
Detailed tourist information about Prague: www.prague.eu
Czech republic in Antarctica
Czechoslovakia was the first State that acceded to the Antarctic Treaty on 14 June 1962, regulation No. 76/1962 Sb., http://www.ats.aq/devAS/ats_parties.aspx?lang=e). At the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM) on 29 May 2013 in Brussels, a consultative status of the Czech Republic as a Contracting Party to the Antarctic Treaty was recognized, effective from 1 April 2014. The consultative status is a higher institutional status which entitles the Czech Republic to participate actively in the above-mentioned consultative meetings with a right to vote and to participate in decisions on the regulation of the use of Antarctica and its future. At the domestic level, the candidature of the Czech Republic was approved by the resolution No. 280 of the Government of the Czech Republic of 17 April 2013.
The Czech Republic is also a Contracting Party to the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, concluded on 4 October 1991 in Madrid (No. 42/2005 Sb.m.s.), which entered into force for the Czech Republic on 24 September 2004.
The Czech Republic is one of the states which carry out significant scientific research in Antarctica, has enjoyed an international recognition, and since 2006 has had its own research polar station. This station, which bears the name of Johann Gregor Mendel, the founder of modern genetics and climatology, was built by the Masaryk University close to the northern coast of the Antarctic peninsula on James Ross Island. The Mendel station is used for Antarctic research by the Faculty of Science of Masaryk University as well as by many other Czech and foreign academic institutions. The scientific programmes include geology, physio-geography and biology.
This subject-matter is nationally regulated by Act No. 276/2003 Sb., regarding Antarctica and related regulations, which falls within the responsibility of the Ministry of Environment of the Czech Republic.